PTSD some time ago was mostly known to be a condition that men suffers from,but medical research has shown that both men and women can suffer from it. What are the signs? If a family member friend or aquintances tells you that these things are happening to them,chances are they’ve got PTSD.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating trauma- and stressor-related disorder that can occur after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. The event may involve a real or perceived threat of injury or death. This can include a natural disaster, combat, an assault, physical or sexual abuse, or other trauma.
Hyperarousal This is an intense experience of thoughts, feelings, behaviours, and physical sensations resulting from the traumatic event. The body’s chemical reaction to the trauma can put the person in extreme survival mode we know as fight, flight or freeze. Freeze happens when the person becomes immobilised by fear. Needless to say, this is a very painful and scary experience. These persons have the tendency to become easily overwhelmed or worked up and can’t calm down, or can’t fall asleep at night.
Re-experiencingThis could manifest as flashbacks or nightmares, or feeling like you are re-experiencing or reliving the fear from the event that triggered the PTSD. This happens when you encounter everyday triggers around you that remind you of something that has to do with the event. PTSD can actually manifest itself as depression or anxiety.
Risky Behaviour People will often attempt to engage in risky behaviour to recreate similar circumstances, or feelings and experiences related to the original trauma. They do this so they can regain a sense of control with the hope that the outcome will be different than the original experience.
. Hypervigilance If you’ve experienced a traumatic event, you feel that if it happened once, it can happen again. In a way, this hypervigilance provides a sense of security. If someone is always “expecting the unexpected” they can be better prepared and hopefully enact a different outcome than when the trauma happened.
Drinking or Using Drugs There is a strong connection between PTSD and increased drinking or drug use, a behavior often referred to as self-medication. People suffering from PTSD are often desperate to find a way to soothe these unpleasant feelings, and that’s where substance abuse enters the equation.